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JavaScript’s hasOwnProperty: A Deep Dive with Code Snippets

Hey, JavaScript enthusiasts! Today we’re diving into the nitty-gritty of an often overlooked but super handy method in JavaScript’s object toolbox: hasOwnProperty. It’s like your trusty sidekick for object property checks, ensuring you don’t accidentally trip over inherited properties when you’re looping through or accessing object properties.

What’s the Deal with hasOwnProperty?

Alright, let’s break it down. Every JavaScript object comes from a prototype, and that prototype could have its own properties. Sometimes, you just want to know if a property belongs to the object itself, not its ancestor. That’s where hasOwnProperty comes into play.

hasOwnProperty is a method that returns a boolean indicating whether the object has the specified property as its own (not inherited). It’s like asking, “Hey, is this thing really yours?” and the object can confidently say “Yep, that’s all me!” or “Nah, I got that from my prototype.”

The Syntax

Here’s the simple syntax for using hasOwnProperty:

  • object: The object you’re checking on.
  • property: The property name as a string you’re curious about.

A Basic Example

Let’s kick things off with a simple example:

const myRadObject = {
  isCool: true,
  isRad: true

console.log(myRadObject.hasOwnProperty('isCool')); // true
console.log(myRadObject.hasOwnProperty('isRad')); // true
console.log(myRadObject.hasOwnProperty('toString')); // false

In this example, isCool and isRad are properties of myRadObject, so hasOwnProperty returns true. But toString is a method inherited from Object.prototype, hence hasOwnProperty gives us a false.

Why Not Just Use in?

Good question! The in operator checks if the property exists on the object or its prototype chain. Contrast that with hasOwnProperty, which doesn’t care about the prototype chain. It’s all about the object’s own properties.

Here’s a quick comparison:

const myObject = {
  property: 'Yes, I have it!'

console.log('property' in myObject); // true
console.log('toString' in myObject); // true, because it's in the prototype chain
console.log(myObject.hasOwnProperty('property')); // true
console.log(myObject.hasOwnProperty('toString')); // false, not a direct property

hasOwnProperty in Action with Different Frameworks

Now, let’s see how hasOwnProperty plays out across different JavaScript environments and frameworks.

Vanilla JavaScript

In plain old JavaScript, you use hasOwnProperty directly on objects, just like in our examples above. It’s supported across all modern browsers and Node.js versions.


In a Node.js environment, hasOwnProperty works just like it does in the browser. Here’s a Node.js flavored example:

const http = require('http');

const server = http.createServer((req, res) => {
  const user = {
    name: 'Node Ninja',
    canCode: true

  if (user.hasOwnProperty('canCode')) {
    res.end('Our user can code!');
  } else {
    res.end('No property found.');


In this snippet, we’re creating a simple HTTP server that checks if our user object has the canCode property.


When you’re in the React world, hasOwnProperty can be used within components to manage state or props:

import React, { Component } from 'react';

class MyComponent extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.state = {
      isReactFan: true

  render() {
    if (this.state.hasOwnProperty('isReactFan')) {
      return <div>Yep, I love React!</div>;
    } else {
      return <div>Do I like React? I don't know...</div>;

export default MyComponent;

In this React class component, we’re using hasOwnProperty to check if a state property exists before rendering our JSX.

Alright, that’s the first half of our deep dive into hasOwnProperty. Stay tuned for the second half, where we’ll explore more frameworks and some edge cases you might run into. We’ll also look at some polyfills for older environments that might not support hasOwnProperty. Keep coding, and keep it funky! 🤓🎧

Dealing with Edge Cases in hasOwnProperty

Before we jump back into framework-specific examples, let’s address a couple of edge cases. What happens if the property you’re checking for is actually called “hasOwnProperty”? That could mess things up, right? Or what if the object doesn’t have Object.prototype in its prototype chain? Let’s handle these oddballs.

Objects with a “hasOwnProperty” Property

Imagine an object that’s trying to be tricky by having its own “hasOwnProperty” property:

const prankster = {
  hasOwnProperty: 'Gotcha!'

// This won't work as expected!
// console.log(prankster.hasOwnProperty('hasOwnProperty')); // TypeError: not a function

In this case, calling prankster.hasOwnProperty tries to invoke a string as a function, which throws an error. To get around this, call hasOwnProperty from Object.prototype directly:

console.log(, 'hasOwnProperty')); // true

Objects Without Object.prototype

If you’re dealing with an object created using Object.create(null), it won’t have Object.prototype in its prototype chain, and thus no hasOwnProperty method. Here’s how you deal with that:

const ghostObject = Object.create(null);
ghostObject.spooky = true;

// This will throw an error because ghostObject doesn't have hasOwnProperty
// console.log(ghostObject.hasOwnProperty('spooky'));

// Instead, use Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty
console.log(, 'spooky')); // true

hasOwnProperty in More Frameworks

Now, let’s continue our journey across different JavaScript frameworks and see how hasOwnProperty fits into each.


In Angular, you might use hasOwnProperty within a component class to manage data properties or to check for the presence of optional inputs.

import { Component, Input } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-my-angular-component',
  template: `<p>{{ message }}</p>`
export class MyAngularComponent {
  @Input() optionalProperty?: string;

  get message(): string {
    return this.hasOwnProperty('optionalProperty')
      ? `Optional property is provided: ${this.optionalProperty}`
      : 'Optional property is not provided.';


For Vue.js, hasOwnProperty can be used to check if a data property exists or if a prop was passed to the component.

  <div v-if="hasOwnProperty('myProp')">Prop exists: {{ myProp }}</div>

export default {
  props: ['myProp'],
  methods: {
    hasOwnProperty(prop) {
      return, prop);

Polyfill for hasOwnProperty

Although hasOwnProperty is widely supported, if you’re working in an environment that doesn’t support it (which is super rare these days), you could use a polyfill:

if (typeof Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty !== 'function') {
  Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty = function(property) {
    return property in this && this.constructor.prototype[property] !== this[property];

This polyfill checks if the property is in the object and that it’s not the same as what’s found in the prototype.


hasOwnProperty is a robust and reliable way to check for an object’s own properties. It’s crucial for avoiding unintended behavior when dealing with objects that might have inherited properties. Whether you’re working in vanilla JavaScript, Node.js, React, Angular, Vue.js, or any other framework, understanding and correctly using hasOwnProperty can save you from potential headaches down the road.

Remember, JavaScript is a quirky language, but it’s these quirks that give it character. Embrace them, understand them, and you’ll become a more effective developer. Keep experimenting, keep learning, and most importantly, keep building cool stuff! 🚀💻